Escape From Defeat
Hittites lived in Anatolia. Hittites recognized the human rights and also women's social rights for the first time in human history. These are just few of the humane nature of Hittites: They were also good artists: You can see their fascinating reliefs in Ankara Anatolian Museum. The famous Kadesh treaty (the first written peace agreement in the human history) was signed between Hittites and Egyptians. Did you know that original copy of this treaty is in the Istanbul Archaeological Museum?
In 1299 B.C Syria created a problem between Hittites and Egyptians. The great battle of antiquity took place at Kadesh between King Muttawallis and Pharoah Ramses II.
Hittite chariots (used for the first time in the history of wars) shuffled the four suits of Pharoah's army. Later, Ramses claimed. In those days there was no CNN camera at the battle fields. So, Mutawallis accepted Ramses' claim. Then, Egyptian army turned back to Egypt for celebrating their victory: But, Ramses knew that it was more of escaping from defeat.
Ramses' technique (claiming while having some losers) is acceptable in the game of politics, but not acceptable in the game of bridge. So, let's turn back to trump shortening technique:
In bridge, you probably faced many times that
defender has a finessable trump (or minor tenace in trump), but you can not finesse,
You must ruff yourself down to the same trump length as the defender with finessable honor. Meanwhile, you must also extract all the cards he holds in side suits.. Compare two hand diagrams at the left which represent the end plays of two games where spades are trump:
In the diagram "A", declarer didn't shorten his trumps to the same length as East. When he lead a diamond from dummy, he must trump it. Since he will be on lead from hand, he will lose one trick to the jack of spades.. If declarer shortened his trumps to the same length as East, as in the diagram "B", he wouldn't not lose any trick unless he is leading from dummy. This coup is called trump coup..
Please find below a complete hand diagram for an example of trump shorthening
Now, North's trumps finished but East's has still K and a low spade. It seems the contract will never be made. At this point declarer must apply trump shortening technique. In order to apply this technique, declarer must enter dummy three times (two for shortening his trumps, one for the final move from dummy). In order to find three entries to dummy he must overtake K with A.
Declarer plays K, and overtakes it with A ( 1st entry). He ruffs a diamond.. Finesse J with 10 (2nd entry) ruffs another diamond. Final diagram is as shown below:
When declarer enters to dummy with Q (3rd entry) and leads a diamond, East's trump winner disapears..
We can collect all the requirements for a trump coup to occur in LOVE LAW. The LOVE LAW is an acronym to describe the requirements for a trump shortening technique:
L Your trumps must be shortned
to the same Length as defender.
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